Seismic Reservoir Monitoring for Hydrocarbon Reservoirs and Carbon Storage

4 half-days - 27-30 September 2022, 2pm - 6pm BST [London] / 8am - 12pm CDT [Houston]
4 day virtual course: This course provides an overview of the fundamentals of 4D seismic technology. Starting with technology’s role in field lifecycle planning, then onto seismic acquisition, processing, and analysis. A primary focus of the course is interpretation and data integration.
Show Course Outline
Introduction to 4D seismic technology
  • Incentives for seismic reservoir monitoring
  • Key 4D concepts, technical issues, success factors
  • Role of 4D in field lifecycle planning
  • Field examples that demonstrate 4D application
Reservoir engineering fundamentals
  • Reservoir depletion mechanisms and how they influence fluid and pressure distributions
  • Displacement and sweep efficiency and how they relate to the 4D response
  • Hydrocarbon fluid phase behavior
  • Conventional reservoir surveillance tools and reservoir flow simulation
The petrophysical basis for 4D
  • Rock physics models that relate the geological and engineering properties of a reservoir to the elastic properties - essential to 4D interpretation
  • Acoustic properties of reservoir fluids
  • Seismic velocity and density variations dependent on rock properties, fluid saturation, stress, and temperature
4D seismic modeling
  • Time-lapse seismic modeling from simple spreadsheet approaches to well-log fluid substitution
  • Seismic models derived from reservoir flow simulation (sim-to-seis)
  • The use of models to determine where and when 4D seismic methods may be successfully applied
  • Approaches to estimate the value of information of 4D data
Seismic acquisition and repeatability
  • 4D seismic data reliability
  • Measures of repeatability and causes of non-repeatability
  • Strategies for acquiring repeatable seismic data in both marine and land settings, including permanent reservoir monitoring
4D seismic processing, data analysis and QC
  • Objectives of 4D processing and how they may differ from 3D processing objective
  • Basic 4D processing flows
  • Special issues associated with marine and land 4D processing
  • The role of cross-equalization for data QC and for generating 4D interpretation attributes
Qualitative 4D interpretation and data integration
  • Basic interpretation workflows
  • Interpreting simple amplitude differences and time shifts and pitfalls
  • Production data used to validate 4D interpretation
  • Model-based interpretation
  • Volume-based interpretation methods
Quantitative 4D interpretation and data integration
  • Estimating pressure and saturation change
  • Methods for 4D elastic inversion
  • Statistical methods and applications of machine learning
  • 4D interpretation over compacting reservoirs
  • Using 4D data to update geological and reservoir flow simulation models
  • Taking advantage of rapidly repeated seismic surveys
  • 4D in unconventional reservoirs
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1. Ikon Science shall provide, at its cost, comprehensive training course materials comprising PowerPoint slides, worksheets, trainer notes and case notes as required for the relevant Ikon Science training course described above (the “Course”) and in sufficient numbers for all attending participants (the “Materials”). Such Materials are to include exercises and case studies as well as a selection of relevant articles (where available) that may be of use to facilitate further understanding of the subject matter. 2. The individual attending the training course (the “Attendee”) acknowledges and agrees that all intellectual property in the Materials belongs exclusively to Ikon Science or third party providers thereof (where applicable) and the Individual shall not acquire any express of implied interest therein. The Attendee shall not (i) copy or otherwise reproduce the Materials, (ii) use the Materials for commercial purposes or otherwise than for the direct purpose of completing the Course, or (iii) sell, lease, transfer, publish or otherwise make available or disclose the Materials or any part thereof (whether orally, in writing or in electronic form) to any third party (including any other person, company or any employee, officer or agent of the Attendee. 3. Ikon Science shall provide one (1) suitably skilled and experienced trainer who shall deliver the Course in a professional manner and otherwise in accordance with the objectives, target audience and outline set out in this letter. 4. This Course booking form must be signed by: (i) an authorised signatory of the company being invoiced for the Course (“Company”); or (ii) by the Attendee if prior payment has been made on a personal basis and in advance. 5. This contract for the provision of training is governed by English law and subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England & Wales. 6. In the event that the Company issues a purchase order to Ikon Science which relates to training for a specified number of Company personnel in the use of Ikon Science software as specified therein, Ikon Science hereby grants to Company a non-exclusive, non-transferable licence for each such personnel to use the relevant software (“Training Licence”) provided by Ikon Science in connection with the such training (“Training Licence”) solely for such training purposes and for no commercial or other purposes whatsoever. Training Licence shall be installed by Company on such equipment as Ikon Science shall specify and, unless otherwise agreed in writing, each Training Licence shall expire seven days after its date of issuance. Save as aforesaid, Ikon Science’s standard software licenceterms which are not inconsistent with the terms of this paragraph shall apply to all Training Licences granted hereunder.

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